Pi Payments and Pi SDK & Sandbox | Pi Workshop | Pi Network Payments11 min read

Pi Payments, Pi SDK & Sandbox, Pi Workshop, Pi Network Payments
Pi Payments and Pi SDK & Sandbox | Pi Workshop | Pi Network Payments 9

Welcome to another Hackathon Workshop video :). This week our Core Team developer Hakkyung will show you how to utilize Pi Payments and Pi SDK & Sandbox when building your app. Tap the videos on the home screen above to learn more about how to #Buildpi2gether!

Pi SDK for Building

Pi SDK enables developers to build applications that integrate with Pi currency and Pi Platform. Follow the documentation to install and use the Pi SDK.

Pi Payment

Today we’re launching the Pi App Engine for developers who want to build and deploy Pi apps — especially Ecosystem apps — using Pi Core Team’s scalable server infrastructure. Tap the Read More button in the home screen and check out our Hackathon workshop videos where two Core Team members will show you how to utilize the Developer Portal and Pi App Engine.

What is Pi Brainstorm | Pi Brainstorm Kya Hai

Pi Brainstorm
What is Pi Brainstorm | Pi Brainstorm Kya Hai

The purpose of this app is to include all Pioneers in the ecosystem building for Pi. The app hopes to channel the creativity, collective wisdom, talents and support from our large community of more than 10 million engaged Pioneers into producing real applications, creating utilities and building the ecosystem, which are crucial to the success of Pi. Pi Brainstorm

Client SDK reference:

Initialization

Add the following script tags to all pages where you need to call the Pi Apps SDK:

<script src="https://sdk.minepi.com/pi-sdk.js"></script>
<script>Pi.init({ version: "2.0" })</script>

The config object passed to the init function accepts the following keys:

  • version (string, required) – this is required to ensure compatibility of your app with newer SDK versions that might bring breaking changes (in which case breaking changes will be implemented under a higher version number)
  • sandbox: (boolean, optional) – this enables you to configure the SDK to run in the sandbox.

Using the SDK in sandbox mode:

<script src="https://sdk.minepi.com/pi-sdk.js"></script>
<script>Pi.init({ version: "2.0", sandbox: true })</script>

You may now run your app in the sandbox environment (https://sandbox.minepi.com), provided you’ve configured a development URL in the developer portal. Visit the developer portal by opening develop.pi in the Pi Browser to configure this and view your Sandbox URL.

Typically, if you’re using a framework or a boilerplate that supports it, you should be able to set up your sandbox flag to match your development environment. For example, most good Node boilerplates will set up the value of process.env.NODE_ENV to either "development" or "production", and you could do something like: Pi.init({ version: "2.0", sandbox: <%= process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production' %> }). This depends on your setup, but running the Pi SDK in sandbox mode will generally happen whenever your app is running in development.

Authentication

Pi.authenticate(scopes: Array<string>, onIncompletePaymentFound: Function<PaymentDTO>): Promise<AuthResult>

Return value:

type AuthResult = {
  accessToken: string,
  user: {
    uid: string,
    username: string
  }
}

scopes

Available scopes: usernamepayments.

Not yet implemented

Currently, all calls to the authenticate method will assume all scopes have been requested – i.e all calls are interpreted as though the first argument were ['username', 'payments']. However, you should implement your app by only adding the scopes you need when calling authenticate. Scopes support will be added before the general release of the Pi platform.

Here is a breakdown of various keys available on the AuthResult['user'] object, and the scopes required for those keys to be present:

FieldDescriptionRequired Scope
uidAn app-local identifier for the user. This is specific to this user, and this app. It will change if the user revokes the permissions they granted to your app.(none)
usernameThe user’s Pi username.username

onIncompletePaymentFound

Signature: (payment: PaymentDTO) => void

Every time the user is authenticated, and when they try to start a new payment flow, the SDK checks that there is no incomplete payment for this user. An incomplete payment, in this context, is a payment which has been submitted to the Pi blockchain, but where status.developer_completed is still false (i.e. the developer has not called the /complete endpoint on this payment).

If an incomplete payment is found, this callback will be invoked with the payment’s PaymentDTO.

When this callback is invoked, it is your responsibility to complete the corresponding payment (you should most likely send the payment DTO to your server, and process it according to your business logic). You’ll need to do so before you can request a new payment from the user.

Payments

Create a new payment:

type PaymentData = {
  amount: number,
  memo: string,
  metadata: Object,
};

type PaymentCallbacks = {
  onReadyForServerApproval: (paymentId: string) => void,
  onReadyForServerCompletion: (paymentId: string, txid: string) => void,
  onCancel: (paymentId: string) => void,
  onError: (error: Error, payment?: PaymentDTO) => void,
};

Pi.createPayment(paymentData: PaymentData, callbacks: PaymentCallbacks): void;

The createPayment method takes two argument: paymentData and callbacks.

It will immediately start the payment flow, which will open on top of your app, enabling the user to review the payment and submit the blockchain transaction, or reject it.

Warning: concurrent payments:

When creating a new payment, if there is already an open payment with your app for the current user:

  • If the user has not yet made the blockchain transaction, the open payment will be cancelled.
  • If the user has already made the blockchain transaction, the new payment will be rejected (onError will be called) and the onIncompletePaymentFound callback that was passed to the authenticate method will be called with the existing payment (use this callback to resolve the situation, e.g by sending the previous payment to your server for server-side completion).

paymentData keys:

amount

This is the amount that the user is requested to pay to your app.

Example: 3.1415.

memo

A memo for this payment. This will be visible to the user in the payment confirmation page. Use this to briefly explain what the user is paying for.

Example: Digital kitten #1234.

metadata

An arbitrary Javascript object that you can attach to this payment. This is for your own use. You should use this object as a way to link this payment with your internal business logic.

Example: { orderId: 1234, itemIds: [11, 42, 314] }

callbacks keys:

onReadyForServerApproval

Signature: (paymentId: string) => void

This is called when the payment identifier (paymentId) is obtained from Pi Servers.

Use this callback to send the paymentId to your backend for Server-Side Approval. Read more about Server-Side Approval and the full payment flow in the dedicated Payments page.

onReadyForServerCompletion

Signature: (paymentId: string, txid: string) => void

This is called when the user has submitted the transaction to the Pi blockchain.

Use this callback to send the blockchain transaction identifier (txid), along with the paymentId to your backend for Server-Side Completion. Read more about Server-Side Completion and the full payment flow in the dedicated Payments page.

onCancel

Signature: (paymentId: string) => void

This is called when the payment is cancelled (by a user action, or programmatically).

The payment may be cancelled either because the user manually rejected it, or because of some other blocking situation: the user doesn’t have enough funds on their account to make the payment, another payment has been created concurrently…

onError

Signature: (error: Error, payment?: PaymentDTO) => void

This is called when an error occurs and the payment cannot be made. If the payment has been created, the second argument will be present and you may use it to investigate the error. Otherwise, only the first argument will be provided.

Type PaymentDTO

This type is used in the arguments that are passed to onIncompletePaymentFound and onError.

type PaymentDTO = {
  // Payment data:
  identifier: string, // The payment identifier
  user_uid: string, // The user's app-specific ID
  amount: number, // The payment amount
  memo: string, // A string provided by the developer, shown to the user
  metadata: Object, // An object provided by the developer for their own usage
  to_address: string, // The recipient address of the blockchain transaction
  created_at: string, // The payment's creation timestamp
  
  // Status flags representing the current state of this payment
  status: {
    developer_approved: boolean, // Server-Side Approval
    transaction_verified: boolean, // Blockchain transaction verified
    developer_completed: boolean, // Server-Side Completion
    cancelled: boolean, // Cancelled by the developer or by Pi Network
    user_cancelled: boolean, // Cancelled by the user
  },
  
  // Blockchain transaction data:
  transaction: null | { // This is null if no transaction has been made yet
    txid: string, // The id of the blockchain transaction
    verified: boolean, // True if the transaction matches the payment, false otherwise
    _link: string, // A link to the operation on the Blockchain API
  },
}

Share dialog

Open a native share dialog:

Pi.openShareDialog(title: string, message: string): void;

Use this method to open a native Share dialog (provided by the phone’s OS), enabling your users to share content from your app with their friends.

Frontend Javascript SDK

The JS SDK is the frontend SDK, designed to be used in your HTML pages or Single-Page Apps, served in the Pi Browser.

In order to enable the SDK to function correctly, you need to declare your apps on the Developer Portal (open develop.pi in the Pi Browser to access the Developer Portal).

This SDK is not for a server-side NodeJS app.

Installation

Add the following script tags to all pages where you need to call the Pi Apps SDK:

<script src="https://sdk.minepi.com/pi-sdk.js"></script>
<script>Pi.init({ version: "2.0" })</script>

This will load the Pi Network JS SDK as a global window.Pi object.

Usage

Authenticate a user

You cannot perform any user-related operations (e.g read the user’s info, request a payment from them) until you have successfully authenticated the user. The first time, they will be presented with a dialog asking for their consent to share their data with your app.

// Authenticate the user, and get permission to request payments from them:
const scopes = ['payments'];

// Read more about this callback in the SDK reference:
function onIncompletePaymentFound(payment) { /* ... */ };

Pi.authenticate(scopes, onIncompletePaymentFound).then(function(auth) {
  console.log(`Hi there! You're ready to make payments!`);
}).catch(function(error) {
  console.error(error);
});

Request a payment

The createPayment method enables you to request a payment from the current user to your app’s account.

The user will be prompted with a modal provided by the Pi Wallet, enabling them to sign the transaction and submit it to the Pi blockchain.

Pi.createPayment({
  // Amount of π to be paid:
  amount: 3.14,
  // An explanation of the payment - will be shown to the user:
  memo: "...", // e.g: "Digital kitten #1234",
  // An arbitrary developer-provided metadata object - for your own usage:
  metadata: { /* ... */ }, // e.g: { kittenId: 1234 }
}, {
  // Callbacks you need to implement - read more about those in the detailed docs linked below:
  onReadyForServerApproval: function(paymentId) { /* ... */ },
  onReadyForServerCompletion: function(paymentId, txid) { /* ... */ },
  onCancel: function(paymentId) { /* ... */ },
  onError: function(error, payment) { /* ... */ },
});

This code block is a simplified example to give you a sense of how it works.

In order to make sure that all involved parties (your app, your server, the Pi servers, and the Pi blockchain) are in sync, the payment needs to go through a Server-Side Approval flow and a Server-Side Completion flow.

Please refer to:

<script src="https://sdk.minepi.com/pi-sdk.js"></script>
<script>Pi.init({ version: "2.0" })</script>

Demo Pi App

You can try the demo Pi App through the Pi Browser. Simply type  demo.pi  on the address bar of the Pi Browser.

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